Upper Manya Krobo District is one of the twenty-six districts in the Eastern Region of the Republic of Ghana. It was carved out of the then Manya Krobo District in February, 2008 by Legislative Instrument 1842 in pursuance of the Government’s Decentralization policy with its capital as Asesewa, a historic trading post, attracting a mix of cultures from all over the country. The district capital, Asesewa is about 45km drive from Koforidua, the regional capital of Eastern Region.
The district shares common boundaries with the following districts; to the North, Afram Plains, to the South East, Lower Manya Krobo, to South West, Yilo Krobo District, to the East Asuogyaman District and to the West Fanteakwa District.
The Upper Manya Krobo District Assembly (UMKDA) is located at the North-Eastern corner of the Eastern Region of Ghana and lies between latitudes -6.2-6.50N and Longitudes -0.3 – 0.00 W of the Greenwich Meridian and Altitude of 457.5m. The UMKDA covers an area of 885 square kilometers constituting 4.6 percent of the total land area of the Eastern Region of Ghana (19,323km2).
The district lies within the semi-equatorial climate belt with a mean annual rainfall ranging between 900mm to 1,500mm (Ghana Meteorological Service). Relative humidity is high during the wet season and low in the dry season. The district experiences two major seasons, namely dry and wet seasons respectively. April to early August as well as September to October is the wet seasons whereas the dry and warm season is experienced from November to March. November to December is usually dry and characterized by high temperatures and early morning moist / fog and cold weather conditions. Temperatures are generally high with average temperatures ranging between 26oC to 32oC. The pattern of temperature, winds, and rainfall distribution in the district presents a climate that is conducive for agricultural production throughout the year.
The district lies within the semi-deciduous forest and savanna zone with the former being divided into ‘Fire’ and ‘inner’ zones. The fire zone (dry semi-deciduous) stretches from Yilo Krobo District. Trees commonly found on such vegetation are the Dawadawa, Palm, Mango, Ceiba, Neem, and Acacia (Acacia nilotica). These trees are of varying sizes and densely dispersed in the midst of secondary forest and perennial grasses with associated herbs. The vegetation is gradually being degraded because of overdependence on it for daily livelihood activities such as bush burning, charcoal burning and farming as well as lumbering. As result of these activities, the forest vegetation is being reduced into savanna trees and shrubs. This therefore calls for a more concerted effort for reforestation and preserving the forest and its resources
The district has one constituency consisting of thirty-three (33) electoral areas and six (6) Area councils namely Asesewa, Bisa/Anyaboni, Sekesua, Mensah Dawa, Ternguanya and Konkoney/Sisiamang area councils. The district is headed by the District Chief Executive, politically and the Coordinating Director is the head of administration. There are 48 Assembly Members made of 33 Elected and 15 Government Appointees. (11 Men & 4 Women)
The traditional system is made up of the Traditional Council and several Chiefs and Queen mothers. The council is headed by the paramount chief called ‘Kornor’ who is resident at Odomasi-Krobo and over sees all the communities in the area. Next to the Kornor are the divisional chiefs called Asafoatse and Dademantsemei (farming chiefs) and Queen-mothers who assist to govern Asesewa and other communities in the district.
Source: Upper Manya Krobo DHS, Asesewa
The widely known Ngmayem festival is celebrated in last Friday of October each year. This lasts for a week and brings lots of people (citizens and non-citizens) to Odumase-Krobo, presenting an opportunity for development interventions. Several rites are also performed by the Krobos’. Notable among them are the Dipo, Lapomi and Kadoba Fiame. The Dipo is a puberty rite performed for young adolescent girls who are of “sexual age” or “manarchial age”. It is done to usher the girl into adulthood. In all intents and purposes, Dipo is a positive rite that initiates the young woman into knowing her responsibilities before stepping into marriage hood.
The people of the land are predominantly Krobos, who according to history acquired the land from the Akyems. However, there are Ewes, Akans, Hausas and other tribes as well. The widely spoken language in the district is Dangme.
Most of the people in the district are Christians. Other religious faiths such as Islamic and Traditional religions are also practised.
The district economy is agriculture based employing more than 73 percent of the population
(GSS, PHC 2010). Most of those engaged in agriculture are into crop farming while the rest are into livestock rearing, fishing and marketing of agricultural produce. Also, most of the farmers in the district are subsistence farmers with few commercial ones. The farmers produce food crops such as maize, cassava, plantain, cowpea and vegetables. Mango and oil palm are also cultivated on large scale.
Livestock reared in the district include poultry, sheep, goat, pigs, cattle and non-traditional animals such as grasscutters.
Fishing is the main activity carried out by the people along the Volta Lake. The district has vast untapped aquaculture advantage due to long stretch of the Volta Lake which acts as a boundary with the Afram Plains and Asuogyaman districts respectively from the north–eastern part of the district. The district is blessed with the Volta Lake as its reservoir for commercial irrigation, potable water projects and aquaculture.
Industrial activities are largely on small scale and characterized by over reliance on indigenous knowledge and resources. Sole proprietorship, family ownership and use of labour intensive technology are some of the basic features of this sector. Major small scale industrial activities engaged in by the people include fitting, welding, carpentry and cassava processing, Local gin (Akpeteshie) production, oil palm production as well as tailoring, basket-weaving, beads making and batik tie- dye.
Available market infrastructure in the district consists of the physical places where periodic buying and selling takes place. The district has three large markets centres at Akateng, Sekesua and Asesewa (popularly remembered in the history of Ghana by a phrase “Market Day at Asesewa”), which form the vibrant commercial hubs of the district. These market centres operate interchangeably five days in a week where one can get almost all kinds of food stuff to buy at affordable prices. Also, a bulk of livestock in the Eastern region such as cattle is traded in the district.
The 2010 Population and Housing Census indicate a population size of 72,092 for the district. This comprises 36,500 (50.6%) and 35,592 females (49.4%). The district is largely rural with more than 87 percent of the population living in rural areas with about 13 percent living in urban centers.
Average household size is 4.6, higher than the National and Regional averages of 4.4 and 4.1 respectively (GSS, 2010 PHC).
A District with sound environmental, economic and social conditions that promote and sustain public safety and prosperity
The Upper Manya Krobo District Assembly exists to facilitate the improvement of the quality of life of the people within the Assemblies jurisdiction through equitable provision of services for the total development of the district within the context of good governance.
Upper Manya Krobo District aims at improving the wellbeing of the people through the collaboration with the civil society and the private sector in the provision of socio-economic infrastructure and improved service delivery by 2013.
In order to improve service delivery and in line with the Local Government Service Delivery Standards, the Upper Manya Krobo District Assembly ascribes to the following
- Client focus
- Efficient and effective use of resources