Upper West Akim District in the Eastern Region was one of the 46 newly created districts. It was carved out of the West Akim Municipal Assembly in 2011 by Legislative Instrument (LI) 2049. The District was inaugurated on 30th June 2012 and now one of the 26 administrative districts in the Eastern Region.
LOCATION AND SIZE
The Upper West Akim District has its capital town as Adeiso and it is located on the main Nsawam-Kade highway. It is located in the south western part of the Region. It shares boundaries with Ayensuano District to the east, West Akim Municipality to the north, Nsawam Adoagyiri Municipality to the south eastern part, Ga South Municipality to the south and Awutu-Afutu Senya District in the Central region to the west. The Upper West Akim District is the only district in the Eastern Region that shares boundaries with the Central and Greater Accra Regions. It has a total land size of about 342.3 km2
Population size, structure and composition
The population of Upper West Akyem District, according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census (PHC), is 87,051 representing 3.3 percent of the Eastern Region’s total population. Males constitute 49 percent and females represent 51 percent. Seventy-five percent of the population is rural. The District has a sex ratio of 96.9. The population of the district is youthful (40.0%) depicting a broad base population pyramid which tapers off with a small number of elderly persons (5.5%). The total age dependency ratio for the District is 86.3, the age dependency ratio for males is higher (89.8) than that of females (83.0).
Education and Literacy
There are currently a total number of 156 schools in the district made up of 58 kindergartens, 59 primary schools 38 junior high schools and one Senior High School which are evenly spread within District.
Of the population 11 years and above, 74.4 percent are literate and 25.6 percent are non-literate. The proportion of literate males is higher (52.5 %) than that of females (47.4%). Seven out of ten people (64.5%) indicated they could speak and write both English and Ghanaian languages. Of the population aged 3 years and above (31,202) in the District, 53.5 percent are currently attending school and 46.5 percent have attended in the past.
The District has twenty-five (25) public health facilities made up of four (4) health centres and twenty-one (21) functional CHPS zones which are spread across the entire District. There is also one Maternity Home and a Clinic which are privately owned in the District as well. The District has seven (7) sub-districts for health service delivery.
As high as 74.0 percent of households in the district were engaged in agriculture according to 2010 PHC. In the rural localities, eight out of ten households (82.5%) are agricultural households while in the urban localities, 52.5 percent of households are into agriculture. Most households in the district (96.3%) are involved in crop farming. Poultry (chicken) is the dominant animal reared in the district.
There are basically two (2) types of road in the District. These are the truck roads which connects the District to Nsawam, Asamankese, and Bawjiase in the Central Region; and the feeder roads which links the various towns and villages within the district.
The general condition of these roads especially the feeder roads are in a verydeplorable state. Most of the feeder roads have deteriorated. During rainy seasons, surface accessibility becomes a challenge hence restricting the movement of people and farm produce especially to the market centres.
Upper West Akim District has potential tourist attraction sites that could be harnessed to attract both domestic and foreign tourists for the development of the District. The major attraction sites are:
- Okurase Wood Carving Village where there is different carving of wood artifacts
- The Three in One Coconut Tree at Nyanoah
- The mysterious Palm Tree (The Snake like-Palm Tree) at SukrongCannan
- KwakuYirebi/Odeng Cave (A funnel shaped cave on a hill) at Sukrong-Awenfi